Powershell: Creating strong passwords

A tweet from @JanEgilRing caught my eye this morning, it was showing how you can use powershell to create passwords. The link in the tweet pointed here: http://powershell.com/cs/blogs/tips/archive/2016/05/23/one-liner-random-password-generator.aspx

Seeing that line and realizing how simple it was, it got me thinking on how I could implement this in my scripts.
The only issue I saw with that one-liner was that the passwords it creates do not necessarily comply with high complexity rules.

So, how can we approve on this?

Firstly, we need to create a regex that we can use to validate that the password created complies with our rules.
In our environment this means 12 characters, uppercase, lowercase and either a number or special character.
The regex I ended up with is this one: ^.*(?=.{12,})(?=.*\d)(?=.*[a-z])(?=.*[A-Z])(?=.*[@#$%^&+=]).*$
(which I found here: https://nilangshah.wordpress.com/2007/06/26/password-validation-via-regular-expression/ )

Now that we have our regex we can simple throw the one-liner into a while loop:

while ($pass -notmatch "^.*(?=.{12,})(?=.*\d)(?=.*[a-z])(?=.*[A-Z])(?=.*[@#$%^&+=]).*$") {
 $pass = -join ('abcdefghkmnrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHKLMNPRSTUVWXYZ23456789$%&*#'.ToCharArray() | Get-Random -count 12)

This means that as long as the password created doesn’t comply with the regex, it creates a new one.

And guess what? It can also be written as a one-liner:

while ($pass -notmatch "^.*(?=.{12,})(?=.*\d)(?=.*[a-z])(?=.*[A-Z])(?=.*[@#$%^&+=]).*$") {$pass = -join ('abcdefghkmnrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHKLMNPRSTUVWXYZ23456789$%&*#'.ToCharArray() | Get-Random -count 12)}

Not exactly a simple one-liner, but a one-liner still Smilie: :)

Category(s): Microsoft, Powershell
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